For a hard-wearing finish, use oil‑based or water-based gloss or eggshell. These can be used on wood and on metal (the latter providing you have prepared and primed well). You can also go for specialist metallic paints. Two coats is usually enough but some colours require extra coats to get an even cover.
When you see shiny wood , it’s likely that the wood’s shine is caused by a coat of polyurethane on it. You can take virtually any piece of wood and add a DIY shiny wood finish using polyurethane. The process is not difficult but it is time consuming and takes a lot of hard work to get a smooth, flat, shiny finish .
For furniture it’s best to use a satin or semigloss finish in either a latex or an oil-based paint . Never leave primer unpainted. If you choose a latex paint, a latex primer is an excellent choice for most uses. It goes on easily and blocks most stains, but it doesn’t have the odor of an oil -based primer .
Preparation is key to a good finish — you’ll get noticeably better results if you spend a little extra time preparing the surface. The simple step of rubbing down the undercoat with wet and dry paper, for example, helps the gloss to flow on better , giving a shiner finish to the job.
Semi- gloss or high- gloss paint sheens are your best bets; their non-porous, smoother finish is easier to clean, and moisture beads on these surfaces rather than being absorbed, so the paint coat doesn’t weather or fade with time.
Most of the time, a layer (or several layers) of the polyurethane causes the shiniest and glass-like appearance on the wood finish . Adding a layer of the polyurethane coat onto the wood piece is the easiest way to make the wood shiny and glossy .
Polyurethane wood finishes
You will need to “fill” the wood with a heavy body black primer. They are available from piano finish specialty suppliers. It is like thick gooey paint. Spray it on, let it dry, sand it down.
Start by brushing on a coat of gloss polyurethane. Let it dry overnight. Then lightly sand with 320-grit sandpaper to remove imperfections. Use a tack cloth or vacuum cleaner and soft brush attachment to remove the dust.
Satin or semi-gloss paints are ideal for most furniture pieces. No matter whether you’re choosing an interior or exterior paint, you’ll see a range of sheens: flat (matte), eggshell, satin , semi-gloss , and high-gloss, in order of lowest to highest luster.
Generally speaking, cleaning needs aside, satin is the default choice for many do-it-yourselfers refreshing interior walls and furniture , while smaller doses of semi – gloss highlight home features: cabinetry, mantels, stair railing, window trim, door casings, and crown molding.
Minwax Polycrylic – Is the best water-based poly to use to seal painted furniture . It is inexpensive and works great. You can’t go wrong applying it when you use a quality brush and/or a foam flocked roller with rounded ends. Apply in light coats, letting each coat dry before applying another light coat.
However, i find the best thing to do in your situation is to apply the first coat of gloss , then in the next 24 hours apply an second coat (without rubbing down ), as it takes paints 72 hours to fully cure.
Painting Furniture : How To Get High Gloss Finish on Wood Clean the entire piece using a mixture of hot water and TSP. Fill imperfections using Bondo Spot Putty. Sand all surfaces with 220 grit sandpaper (an electric orbital sander is best, I have this Mirka and love it)
Painting Tip #4- Painting techniques that help eliminate brush strokes Don’t press too hard on the brush . Paint in the details and then smooth over. Going back over semi dry paint will cause ripples. You want to apply a thin coat, but don’t “stretch” the paint on the brush . Always paint in one direction.